Numerical investigation of the effect of crosswind on sound propagation outdoors

M.C.J. Hornikx, T. Van Renterghem

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
5 Downloads (Pure)


The effect of wind on sound propagation in the atmosphere has been studied extensively before with an emphasize on downwind sound propagation, typically representing worst-case scenarios. However, the influence of oblique and crosswind on propagation from various types of sources raises some questions in acoustic literature. In this work, the effect of a logarithmic wind speed profile at different wind directions has been studied for sound emitted by a point source, a coherent line source and an incoherent line source. For this purpose, a full three-dimensional wave-based method was used. For the incoherent line source simulation, the Harmonoise engineering approach based on a summation of source segments was considered as well and shows to be in satisfying agreement with the latter. While for a point source and coherent line source crosswind shows to have an insignificant effect, it is important in case of an incoherent line source. Also, the stretch of the incoherent line source contributing to the noise level at a receiver close to this line differs strongly depending on the wind direction.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)558-565
Number of pages8
JournalActa Acustica united with Acustica
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2016


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