The influence of different boundary conditions applied in the contact line region on the outer meniscus shape is analysed by means of a finite-element numerical simulation of the steady movement of a liquid-gas meniscus in a capillary tube. The free-surface steady shape is obtained by solving the unsteady creeping-flow approximation of the Navier–Stokes equations starting from some initial shape. Comparisons of the outer solutions obtained using two different inner models, together with that published by Lowndes (1980), indicate the relative insensitivity of the outer solution to the type of model utilized in the contact line region.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Fluid Mechanics|
|Publication status||Published - 1996|