Numerical investigation of the combined effects of gravity and turbulence on the motion of small and heavy particles

C. Siewert, R. Kunnen, M. Meinke, W. Schröder

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Abstract

Numerical studies [1, 2] show that the influence of gravity and turbulence on the motion of small and heavy particles is not a simple superposition. However, in [3] it is shown that these studies may be artificially influenced by the turbulence forcing scheme. In the present study, a new numerical setup to investigate the combined effects of gravity and turbulence on the motion of small and heavy particles is presented, where the turbulence is only forced at the inflow and is advected through the domain by a mean flow velocity. Within a transition region the turbulence develops to a physical state which shares similarities with grid-generated turbulence in wind tunnels. In this flow, trajectories of about 43 million small and heavy particles are advanced in time. It is found that for a specific particle inertia the particles fall faster in a turbulent flow compared with their fall velocity in quiescent flow. Additionally, specific regions within the turbulent vortices cannot be reached by the particles as a result of the particle vortex interaction. Therewith, the particles tend to cluster outside the vortices. These results are in agreement with the theory of Dávilla and Hunt [4].

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNew Results in Numerical and Experimental Fluid Mechanics IX : Contributions to the 18th STAB/DGLR Symposium, Stuttgart, Germany, 2012
EditorsA. Dillmann, G. Heller, E. Krämer, H.-P. Kreplin, W. Nitsche, U. Rist
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherSpringer
Pages93-101
Number of pages9
Volume124
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-03158-3
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-03157-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Event18th DGLR/STAB Symposium, November 3-7, 2012, Stuttgart, Germany - Atuttgart, Germany
Duration: 6 Nov 20127 Nov 2012

Publication series

NameNotes on Numerical Fluid Mechanics and Multidisciplinary Design
PublisherSpringer
Volume124
ISSN (Print)1612-2909
ISSN (Electronic)1860-0824

Conference

Conference18th DGLR/STAB Symposium, November 3-7, 2012, Stuttgart, Germany
CountryGermany
CityAtuttgart
Period6/11/127/11/12

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  • Cite this

    Siewert, C., Kunnen, R., Meinke, M., & Schröder, W. (2014). Numerical investigation of the combined effects of gravity and turbulence on the motion of small and heavy particles. In A. Dillmann, G. Heller, E. Krämer, H-P. Kreplin, W. Nitsche, & U. Rist (Eds.), New Results in Numerical and Experimental Fluid Mechanics IX : Contributions to the 18th STAB/DGLR Symposium, Stuttgart, Germany, 2012 (Vol. 124, pp. 93-101). (Notes on Numerical Fluid Mechanics and Multidisciplinary Design; Vol. 124). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-03158-3_10