Numerical analysis of cavitation shedding flow around a three-dimensional hydrofoil using an improved filter-based model

De sheng Zhang, Wei dong Shi, Guang jian Zhang, Jian Chen, B. P.M.(Bart) van Esch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The cavitation shedding flow around a 3-D Clark-Y hydrofoil is simulated by using an improved filter-based model (FBM) and a mass transfer cavitation model with the consideration of the maximum density ratio effect between the liquid and the vapor. The unsteady cloud cavity shedding features around the Clark-Y hydrofoil are accurately captured based on an improved FBM model and a suitable maximum density ratio. Numerical results show that the predicted cavitation patterns and evolutions compare well with the experimental visualizations, and the prediction errors of the time-averaged lift coefficient, drag coefficient and Strouhal number for the cavitation number, the angle of attack at a Reynolds number are only 3.29%, 2.36% and 9.58%, respectively. It is observed that the cavitation shedding flow patterns are closely associated with the vortex structures identified by the criterion method. The predicted cloud cavitation shedding flow shows clearly three typical stages: (1) Initiation of the attached sheet cavity, the growth toward the trailing edge. (2) The formation and development of the re-entrant jet flow. (3) Large scale cloud cavity sheds downstream. Numerical results also indicate that the non-uniform adverse pressure gradient is the main driving force of the re-entrant jet, which results in the U-shaped cavity and the 3-D bubbly structure during the cloud cavity shedding.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)361-375
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Hydrodynamics
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017

Keywords

  • Clark-Y hydrofoil
  • Cloud cavitation
  • filter-based model
  • shedding flow
  • turbulent viscosity

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