Piezo-acoustic inkjet printing allows highly controlled deposition of droplets at picoliter volumes. However, sometimes jet stability is compromised by the entrainment of a bubble, which has been shown to occur in conjunction with dirt particle trapping in the printhead, in the vortex ring above the oscillating meniscus (Fraters et al. Phys. Rev. Appl. 12(6) 2019). In this experimental and numerical study, we explore the destabilizing conditions of the flow inside the ink channel that lead to the diffusive growth of the entrained bubble and thereby to complete nozzle failure. We model the unsteady flow inside the channel using a Helmholtz oscillator model for the driving channel acoustics coupled with Navier-Stokes equations for the flow which we validate through time-resolved fluorescent particle tracking velocimetry measurements. Furthermore, bubble dynamics and translation are modeled using the Rayleigh-Plesset equation coupled to a point-particle force balance. We study the flow, particle trapping, and bubble motion for different nozzle geometries and driving conditions, revealing pathways of bubble entrainment and growth, thereby enabling identification and quantification of parameters that ultimately influence the inherent stability of the jetting process.
|Number of pages||1|
|Journal||Bulletin of the American Physical Society|
|Publication status||Published - 2020|
|Event||73rd Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics (DFD 2020) - Online|
Duration: 22 Nov 2020 → 24 Nov 2020