Novel equalization techniques for space division multiplexing based on stokes space update rule

Francisco Javier Vaquero Caballero (Corresponding author), Fabio Pittalà, Gernot Goeger, Mi Wang, Yabin Ye, Idelfonso Tafur Monroy

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Space division multiplexing (SDM) is a promising technology that aims to overcome the capacity crunch of optical communications. In this paper, we introduce the multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) Stokes Space Algorithm (SSA) implemented in frequency domain, a novel equalization technique for space division multiplexing (SDM). Although different papers have been published about the SSA and its MIMO implementation, we provide for the first time an analysis of the of the convergence speed and frequency offset of the SSA compared to the least mean square (LMS). SSA algorithm can deal with higher frequency offsets and linewidths than LMS, being suitable for optical communications with higher phase noise. SSA does not need pre-compensation of frequency offset, which can be compensated after equalization without penalties. On the other hand, due to reduced convergence speed, SSA requires longer training sequences than LMS.
Original languageEnglish
Article number12
Number of pages13
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Coherent technologies
  • Frequency domain equalization
  • Space division multiplexing
  • space division multiplexing
  • coherent technologies
  • frequency domain equalization

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