Detection and classification of nonlinearities in motion systems becomes of increasing importance with high demands on (closed loop) performance. In this paper two methods are compared that aim to measure both the linearized dynamics and the influence of nonlinearities. First, a broadband signal is used to measure a linear approximation of the systems dynamics. This method uses multisine signals with identical amplitude spectrum, but randomly distributed phases. Averaging over multiple periodic responses to the same signal and over multiple realizations of the random phase multisine allows the computation of the level of nonlinearities and external disturbances separately. This yields both a linear approximation of the systems dynamics and the amount of nonlinear disturbance as a function of frequency. Second, single sine based measurements are used to measure the Higher Order Sinusoidal Input Describing Functions (HOSIDF) of the system under test. HOSIDFs describe the response of the system by describing not only the direct response (gain and phase shift) of the system at the input frequency, but by describing the response at higher harmonics of the input frequency as well. This yields a quantitative measure of the power generated by nonlinearities at harmonics of the input frequency as a function of this frequency and the signal amplitude. In the paper these methods are utilized to acquire a non-parametric model for an industrial high precision stage. The effects of and sources for nonlinear influences are discussed for this particular case as well.
|Title of host publication||Proceedings of the 2010 American Control Conference (ACC 2010), 30 June - 2 July 2010, Baltimore, Maryland, USA|
|Publisher||Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers|
|Publication status||Published - 2010|