Nonlinear coupling induced toroidal structure of edge localized modes

A. F. Mink, M. Hoelzl, E. Wolfrum, F. Orain, M. Dunne, A. Lessig, S. Pamela, P. Manz, M. Maraschek, G.T.A. Huijsmans, M. Becoulet, F. M. Laggner, M. Cavedon, K. Lackner, S. Günter, U. Stroth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Edge localized modes (ELMs) are magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) instabilities that cause fast periodic relaxations of the strong edge pressure gradient in tokamak fusion plasmas. A novel diagnostic method allows the extraction of toroidal mode numbers, rotation velocities and spatial information during the ELM cycle including the crash. While mode number branches n = 3-6 and n = 8-10 are dominant just before the ELM crash, during the ELM crash n = 2-5 are observed in typical discharges with type-I ELMs in the tokamak experiment. These findings are compared to results from nonlinear MHD simulations. Although n = 6 is linearly dominant, nonlinear coupling in which n = 1 is particularly important leads to the dominance of n = 3-5 during the ELM crash, in excellent agreement with experimental observations. The simultaneous occurrence of these modes over a wide radial region leads to high stochasticity and thus increased transport.

Original languageEnglish
Article number026011
Number of pages7
JournalNuclear Fusion
Volume58
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2018

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crashes
magnetohydrodynamic simulation
pressure gradients
magnetohydrodynamics
fusion
occurrences
cycles
causes

Keywords

  • Edge localized mode
  • JOREK
  • Mode number
  • Nonlinear
  • Plasma

Cite this

Mink, A. F., Hoelzl, M., Wolfrum, E., Orain, F., Dunne, M., Lessig, A., ... Stroth, U. (2018). Nonlinear coupling induced toroidal structure of edge localized modes. Nuclear Fusion, 58(2), [026011]. https://doi.org/10.1088/1741-4326/aa98f7
Mink, A. F. ; Hoelzl, M. ; Wolfrum, E. ; Orain, F. ; Dunne, M. ; Lessig, A. ; Pamela, S. ; Manz, P. ; Maraschek, M. ; Huijsmans, G.T.A. ; Becoulet, M. ; Laggner, F. M. ; Cavedon, M. ; Lackner, K. ; Günter, S. ; Stroth, U. / Nonlinear coupling induced toroidal structure of edge localized modes. In: Nuclear Fusion. 2018 ; Vol. 58, No. 2.
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Mink, AF, Hoelzl, M, Wolfrum, E, Orain, F, Dunne, M, Lessig, A, Pamela, S, Manz, P, Maraschek, M, Huijsmans, GTA, Becoulet, M, Laggner, FM, Cavedon, M, Lackner, K, Günter, S & Stroth, U 2018, 'Nonlinear coupling induced toroidal structure of edge localized modes', Nuclear Fusion, vol. 58, no. 2, 026011. https://doi.org/10.1088/1741-4326/aa98f7

Nonlinear coupling induced toroidal structure of edge localized modes. / Mink, A. F.; Hoelzl, M.; Wolfrum, E.; Orain, F.; Dunne, M.; Lessig, A.; Pamela, S.; Manz, P.; Maraschek, M.; Huijsmans, G.T.A.; Becoulet, M.; Laggner, F. M.; Cavedon, M.; Lackner, K.; Günter, S.; Stroth, U.

In: Nuclear Fusion, Vol. 58, No. 2, 026011, 01.02.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Nonlinear coupling induced toroidal structure of edge localized modes

AU - Mink, A. F.

AU - Hoelzl, M.

AU - Wolfrum, E.

AU - Orain, F.

AU - Dunne, M.

AU - Lessig, A.

AU - Pamela, S.

AU - Manz, P.

AU - Maraschek, M.

AU - Huijsmans, G.T.A.

AU - Becoulet, M.

AU - Laggner, F. M.

AU - Cavedon, M.

AU - Lackner, K.

AU - Günter, S.

AU - Stroth, U.

PY - 2018/2/1

Y1 - 2018/2/1

N2 - Edge localized modes (ELMs) are magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) instabilities that cause fast periodic relaxations of the strong edge pressure gradient in tokamak fusion plasmas. A novel diagnostic method allows the extraction of toroidal mode numbers, rotation velocities and spatial information during the ELM cycle including the crash. While mode number branches n = 3-6 and n = 8-10 are dominant just before the ELM crash, during the ELM crash n = 2-5 are observed in typical discharges with type-I ELMs in the tokamak experiment. These findings are compared to results from nonlinear MHD simulations. Although n = 6 is linearly dominant, nonlinear coupling in which n = 1 is particularly important leads to the dominance of n = 3-5 during the ELM crash, in excellent agreement with experimental observations. The simultaneous occurrence of these modes over a wide radial region leads to high stochasticity and thus increased transport.

AB - Edge localized modes (ELMs) are magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) instabilities that cause fast periodic relaxations of the strong edge pressure gradient in tokamak fusion plasmas. A novel diagnostic method allows the extraction of toroidal mode numbers, rotation velocities and spatial information during the ELM cycle including the crash. While mode number branches n = 3-6 and n = 8-10 are dominant just before the ELM crash, during the ELM crash n = 2-5 are observed in typical discharges with type-I ELMs in the tokamak experiment. These findings are compared to results from nonlinear MHD simulations. Although n = 6 is linearly dominant, nonlinear coupling in which n = 1 is particularly important leads to the dominance of n = 3-5 during the ELM crash, in excellent agreement with experimental observations. The simultaneous occurrence of these modes over a wide radial region leads to high stochasticity and thus increased transport.

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M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85040697092

VL - 58

JO - Nuclear Fusion

JF - Nuclear Fusion

SN - 0029-5515

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ER -

Mink AF, Hoelzl M, Wolfrum E, Orain F, Dunne M, Lessig A et al. Nonlinear coupling induced toroidal structure of edge localized modes. Nuclear Fusion. 2018 Feb 1;58(2). 026011. https://doi.org/10.1088/1741-4326/aa98f7