Non-linearity and expectations in niche-development trajectories : ups and downs in Dutch biogas development (1973-2003)

F.W. Geels, R.P.J.M. Raven

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    330 Citations (Scopus)
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    Abstract

    Non-linearity and changes in the direction of technological trajectories, are related to changes in cognitive rules and expectations that guide technical search and development activities. To explain such changes, the article uses the literature on niche development, which highlights interactions between learning processes, network building and expectations. A long-term case study on Dutch biogas development illustrates how these interactions explain non-linearity, but the case study also shows the importance of external regime dynamics. It is concluded that non-linearity and changes in niche expectations are related to both internal learning processes and external developments.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)375-392
    JournalTechnology Analysis and Strategic Management
    Volume18
    Issue number3/4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2006

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