Non-linear magnetohydrodynamic modeling of plasma response to resonant magnetic perturbations

F. Orain, M. Bécoulet, G. Dif-Pradalier, G. Huijsmans, S. Pamela, E. Nardon, C. Passeron, G. Latu, V. Grandgirard, A. Fil, A. Ratnani, I. Chapman, A. Kirk, A. Thornton, M. Hoelzl, P. Cahyna

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The interaction of static Resonant Magnetic Perturbations (RMPs) with the plasma flows is modeled in toroidal geometry, using the non-linear resistive MHD code JOREK, which includes the X-point and the scrape-off-layer. Two-fluid diamagnetic effects, the neoclassical poloidal friction and a source of toroidal rotation are introduced in the model to describe realistic plasma flows. RMP penetration is studied taking self-consistently into account the effects of these flows and the radial electric field evolution. JET-like, MAST, and ITER parameters are used in modeling. For JET-like parameters, three regimes of plasma response are found depending on the plasma resistivity and the diamagnetic rotation: at high resistivity and slow rotation, the islands generated by the RMPs at the edge resonant surfaces rotate in the ion diamagnetic direction and their size oscillates. At faster rotation, the generated islands are static and are more screened by the plasma. An intermediate regime with static islands which slightly oscillate is found at lower resistivity. In ITER simulations, the RMPs generate static islands, which forms an ergodic layer at the very edge (ψ ≥0.96) characterized by lobe structures near the X-point and results in a small strike point splitting on the divertor targets. In MAST Double Null Divertor geometry, lobes are also found near the X-point and the 3D-deformation of the density and temperature profiles is observed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)102510
JournalPhysics of Plasmas
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • friction
  • plasma boundary layers
  • plasma density
  • plasma diamagnetism
  • plasma magnetohydrodynamics
  • plasma simulation
  • plasma temperature
  • plasma toroidal confinement
  • Tokamak devices
  • Magnetohydrodynamics
  • Plasma-material interactions
  • boundary layer effects
  • Tokamaks spherical tokamaks
  • Magnetohydrodynamic and fluid equation
  • Plasma properties


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