Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) are the most commonly studied non-invasive brain stimulation treatment options. Over the past years, modeling and simulation of stimulation-induced electric fields have received increased attention. Modeling can take place at three different levels of abstraction. Although some validation of these models has taken place at these levels separately, coupling between the levels through a multi-scale approach and experimental validation of the overall approach has only recently started. This specific coupling might be an important step to unravel the mechanism of action and to ultimately improve the clinical efficacy of non-invasive brain stimulation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2020 50th European Microwave Conference, EuMC 2020
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9782874870590
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jan 2021
Event50th European Microwave Conference, EuMC 2020 - Utrecht, Netherlands
Duration: 12 Jan 202114 Jan 2021


Conference50th European Microwave Conference, EuMC 2020


  • field modeling
  • network modeling
  • neuron modeling
  • Neurostimulation
  • tDCS
  • TMS

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