Noise Indicators Relating to Non-Auditory Health Effects in Children : A Systematic Literature Review

Michail Evangelos Terzakis (Corresponding author), Maud Dohmen, Irene van Kamp, Maarten Hornikx

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
40 Downloads (Pure)


A systematic literature review was conducted to investigate which objective noise indicators related to various noise sources (i.e., aircraft, road-traffic, and ambient noise) are the best predictors of non-auditory health-effects in children. These relationships are discussed via a conceptual framework, taking into account main parameters such as the type of noise source, the exposure locations and their environments, the type of noise indicators, the children’s mediating factors, and the type of non-auditory health effects. In terms of the procedure, four literature databases were screened and data was extracted on study design, types of noise sources, assessment method, health-based outcomes and confounders, as well as their associations. The quality of the studies was also assessed. The inclusion criteria focused on both indoor and outdoor environments in educational buildings and dwellings, considering that children spend most of their time there. From the 3337 uniquely collected articles, 36 articles were included in this review based on the defined inclusion and exclusion criteria. From the included literature, it was seen that noise exposure, assessed by energetic indicators, has significant associations with non-auditory health effects: psychophysiological, cognitive development, mental health and sleep effects. Percentile and event-based indicators provided significant associations to cognitive performance tasks and well-being dimension aspects.

Original languageEnglish
Article number15633
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 24 Nov 2022


  • children
  • environmental noise
  • noise exposure
  • noise indicators
  • non-auditory health-effects
  • Noise/adverse effects
  • Humans
  • Mental Health
  • Environmental Exposure
  • Child
  • Aircraft
  • Sleep/physiology


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