Access to quiet areas in cities is important to avoid adverse health effects due to road traffic noise. Most urban areas which are or can become quiet (LA,eq <45 dB) are shielded from direct road traffic noise. By transfer paths over roof level, many road traffic noise sources contribute to the level in these shielded areas and noise abatement schemes may be necessary to make these areas quiet. Two real life shielded courtyards in Göteborg have been selected as reference cases for a numerical investigation of noise abatement schemes. The selected areas are modelled as canyons with a road traffic noise source modelled outside the canyon by a finite incoherent line source, which is more realistic than both a coherent and an incoherent line source of infinite length. The equivalent sources method has been used for the calculations. For all studied noise abatement schemes in the shielded canyon, the reductions are largest for the lower canyon observer positions. Façade absorption is the most effective when placed in the upper part of the canyon and can typically yield a reduction of 4 dB(A). Constructing 1 m wide walkways with ceiling absorption reduces the level typically by 3 dB(A). These effects are most effective for narrower canyons. For treatments at the canyon roof, reductions are independent of the canyon observer position and amount to 4 dB(A) for a 1 m tall screen and 2 dB(A) for a grass covering of a saddle roof. Downward refracting conditions increase the levels for the lower canyon observer positions and higher frequencies. For sources located in canyons, abatement schemes therein are more effective for noise reduction in the shielded canyon than similar abatement schemes in the shielded canyon itself, given that all contributing source canyons are treated.
|Number of pages||17|
|Publication status||Published - 2009|