New metric for IQ imbalance compensation in optical QPSK coherent systems

Trung Hien Nguyen, Pascal Scalart, Mathilde Gay, Laurent Bramerie, Christophe Peucheret, Fausto Gomez-Agis, Olivier Sentieys, Jean Claude Simon, Michel Joindot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


We report on a simple alternative method for the compensation of quadrature imbalance in optical quadrature phase-shift-keying (QPSK) coherent systems. By introducing a new metric, the phase imbalance can be determined and compensated. The proposed method is theoretically and numerically analyzed. In particular, it is shown that the method exhibits a small bias of estimated phase imbalance value. Thanks to its deterministic property, this bias can be simply compensated by incorporating at the receiver a phase rotator (or phase shift) whose value can be determined based on an analytical analysis. Moreover, the algorithm is also experimentally validated through bit-error-rate and error vector magnitude (EVM) measurements. A good agreement on the performance of the proposed method with that of the Gram–Schmidt orthogonalization procedure is shown in a 20-Gbit/s optical QPSK experiment. The robustness of both methods was verified with up to 30 phase imbalance by comparing the signal with and without phase imbalance compensation. A 10% reduction in EVM is achieved with our method for a high phase imbalance of 30 , while the implementation complexity can be reduced owing to the suppression of the use of square-root operators.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)326-337
Number of pages12
JournalPhotonic Network Communications
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018


  • Coherent communications
  • Fiber optical communications
  • IQ imbalance
  • Modulation


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