New cross-linked PVA based polymer electrolyte membranes for alkaline fuel cells

G. Merle, S.S. Hosseiny, M. Wessling, K. Nijmeijer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

71 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, we report a cheap and easy method for the preparation of anion exchange membranes based on a KOH doped and crosslinked poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) for alkaline fuel cells. Ionic conductivity and thermal and chemical stability are investigated as a function of the crosslinking density. The newly developed membranes exhibit high long term ionic conductivity as well as high chemical stability showing the strength of this concept to overcome the disadvantage of leakage when the liquid electrolytes are used. Evaluation of the membranes in an alkaline fuel cell using commercially available electrodes shows an OCV of 0.95V and high current density of approximately 200mAcm -2 combined with a maximum of power density of 72mWcm -2 at 0.34V. Optimization of the gas diffusion electrodes and fuel cell operation at higher temperatures are expected to further increase the performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-199
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume409-410
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Alkaline fuel cell
  • Anion exchange membrane
  • Hydroxyl conductivity
  • Poly(ethylene glycol) diglycidyl ether (PEGDGE)
  • Poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA)

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