Neurobiological mechanisms of cortical direction selectivity

C.L. Baker Jr., J.C. Boulton

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

    Abstract

    From consideration of a number of types of apparently linear and nonlinear behavior of direction selectivity of visual cortex neurons, it will be argued that there are at least two fundamentally different types of motion computation. The first, designated quasi-linear, entails a summation of afferent signals which are in approximate quadrature phase, both spatially and temporally (e.g., lagged and nonlagged LGN afferents, in the cat); the summation may be of a linear or a partially nonlinear nature, but is carried out on specific signals falling within a relatively restricted spatial frequency passband and confined receptive field. The second, referred to as nonlinear, involves a highly nonlinear integration of additional, nonspecific afferent signals, generally outside the conventional spatiotemporal frequency passband of a neuron, and also outside of the `classical' receptive field. Some novel aspects of this formulation are: the same neuron may exhibit both quasi-linear and nonlinear behavior; quasi- linear mechanisms may display substantial nonlinearities, possibly accounting for detection of some non-Fourier stimuli. Data are presented to illustrate the idea that white noise analysis methods are well-suited to characterize the spatiotemporal nonlinearities of quasi-linear mechanisms, but fail to provide insight into the processing of nonlinear mechanisms.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationComputatoinal vision based on neurobiology : Pacific Grove,, CA, USA, July 6 - 9, 1993
    EditorsT.B. Lawton
    Place of PublicationBellingham
    PublisherSPIE
    Pages104-123
    ISBN (Print)0-8194-1315-1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1993

    Publication series

    NameProceedings of SPIE
    Volume2054
    ISSN (Print)0277-786X

    Fingerprint

    Neurons
    Visual Cortex
    Cats
    Direction compound

    Cite this

    Baker Jr., C. L., & Boulton, J. C. (1993). Neurobiological mechanisms of cortical direction selectivity. In T. B. Lawton (Ed.), Computatoinal vision based on neurobiology : Pacific Grove,, CA, USA, July 6 - 9, 1993 (pp. 104-123). (Proceedings of SPIE; Vol. 2054). Bellingham: SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.171139
    Baker Jr., C.L. ; Boulton, J.C. / Neurobiological mechanisms of cortical direction selectivity. Computatoinal vision based on neurobiology : Pacific Grove,, CA, USA, July 6 - 9, 1993. editor / T.B. Lawton. Bellingham : SPIE, 1993. pp. 104-123 (Proceedings of SPIE).
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    abstract = "From consideration of a number of types of apparently linear and nonlinear behavior of direction selectivity of visual cortex neurons, it will be argued that there are at least two fundamentally different types of motion computation. The first, designated quasi-linear, entails a summation of afferent signals which are in approximate quadrature phase, both spatially and temporally (e.g., lagged and nonlagged LGN afferents, in the cat); the summation may be of a linear or a partially nonlinear nature, but is carried out on specific signals falling within a relatively restricted spatial frequency passband and confined receptive field. The second, referred to as nonlinear, involves a highly nonlinear integration of additional, nonspecific afferent signals, generally outside the conventional spatiotemporal frequency passband of a neuron, and also outside of the `classical' receptive field. Some novel aspects of this formulation are: the same neuron may exhibit both quasi-linear and nonlinear behavior; quasi- linear mechanisms may display substantial nonlinearities, possibly accounting for detection of some non-Fourier stimuli. Data are presented to illustrate the idea that white noise analysis methods are well-suited to characterize the spatiotemporal nonlinearities of quasi-linear mechanisms, but fail to provide insight into the processing of nonlinear mechanisms.",
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    Baker Jr., CL & Boulton, JC 1993, Neurobiological mechanisms of cortical direction selectivity. in TB Lawton (ed.), Computatoinal vision based on neurobiology : Pacific Grove,, CA, USA, July 6 - 9, 1993. Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 2054, SPIE, Bellingham, pp. 104-123. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.171139

    Neurobiological mechanisms of cortical direction selectivity. / Baker Jr., C.L.; Boulton, J.C.

    Computatoinal vision based on neurobiology : Pacific Grove,, CA, USA, July 6 - 9, 1993. ed. / T.B. Lawton. Bellingham : SPIE, 1993. p. 104-123 (Proceedings of SPIE; Vol. 2054).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

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    Baker Jr. CL, Boulton JC. Neurobiological mechanisms of cortical direction selectivity. In Lawton TB, editor, Computatoinal vision based on neurobiology : Pacific Grove,, CA, USA, July 6 - 9, 1993. Bellingham: SPIE. 1993. p. 104-123. (Proceedings of SPIE). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.171139