Network synchronization of time-delayed coupled nonlinear systems using predictor-based diffusive dynamic couplings

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Abstract

We study the problem of controlled network synchronization of coupled semipassive systems in the case when the outputs (the coupling variables) and the inputs are subject to constant time-delays (as it is often the case in a networked context). Predictor-based dynamic output feedback controllers are proposed to interconnect the systems on a given network. Using Lyapunov-Krasovskii functionals and the notion of semipassivity, we prove that under some mild assumptions, the solutions of the interconnected systems are globally ultimately bounded. Sufficient conditions on the systems to be interconnected, on the network topology, on the coupling dynamics, and on the time-delays that guarantee global state synchronization are derived. A local analysis is provided, in which we compare the performance of our predictor-based control scheme against the existing static diffusive couplings available in the literature. We show (locally) that the time-delay that can be induced to the network may be increased by including the predictors in the loop. The results are illustrated by computer simulations of coupled Hindmarsh-Rose neurons.
Original languageEnglish
Article number023108
Pages (from-to)023108-1-1/17
Number of pages17
JournalChaos
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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