In this study, natural capital occupies a special place. After all, the way natural capital is exploited is crucial for issues of well-being and sustainability. This chapter analyses the exploitation of natural capital in the Netherlands around 1850. It deals with three categories of resources produced by natural capital. First, organic resources (including grains, potatoes, cattle and milk) and the associated supply chains in agriculture and foods (farming systems, food production and food consumption). Second, mineral subsoil resources (in particular sand, clay and gravel) and the associated supply chains in construction (housing construction, water management, and infrastructure). Finally, fossil subsoil resources (in particular turf and coal) and the associated energy supply chains (industry and households). The exploitation of natural capital took place in a variegated landscape possessing great biodiversity and an agricultural economy that provided plenty of room for population growth.
|Title of host publication||Well-Being, Sustainability and Social Development|
|Subtitle of host publication||The Netherlands 1850-2050|
|Editors||Harry Lintsen, Frank Veraart, Jan-Pieter Smits, John Grin|
|Number of pages||33|
|Publication status||Published - 14 Jun 2018|
- Natural capital