The idea of using hydrated salts as working media for thermal energy storage has increased the interest in understanding their phase transitions. During studying the phase transition of mirabilite into thenardite, the crystal structure and water content are monitored by three experimental techniques. With the help of NMR, homogeneous drying of mirabilite crystals over the entire grain is observed. According to the drying behavior, the mobility of water molecules should be high inside the grain during dehydration. XRD experiments show that during this phase transition no disordered phase or other metastable phases like Na2SO4·7H2O or phase III appear. With Raman spectroscopy, these experiments are repeated at several relative humidities and again no metastable phases are observed.
- Raman spectroscopy
- X-ray diffraction