Multiple-output DC-DC converters with a reduced number of active and passive components

Mert Turhan (Corresponding author), Juan Castellanos Rodriguez, Marcel Hendrix, Jorge Duarte, Elena Lomonova

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Abstract

Multiple-output converters have been widely used where individual outputs are required. Compared with conventional separate converters, the advantage of multiple outputs is to have a lower number of active and passive components. In this paper, first, a pulse-width-modulation (PWM)-pulse-frequency-modulation (PFM) method is used for two-output converters that have only one coil and one active switch. Secondly, three-output converter topologies are proposed where the third output is controlled by phase delay (PD). These converters need only two coils and two active switches to regulate three outputs. How to obtain PD at different switching frequencies is discussed next, and a PWM-PFM-PD controlled five-output buck converter is presented. The proposed solution uses only two active switches and two magnetic cores to adjust five-output voltages independently. A modeling and digital control method are proposed in order to regulate the five output voltages. A prototype circuit with independent 15 V/1.5 A, 12 V/1.5 A, 5 V/0.8 A, −5 V/0.6 A and 3.3 V/0.45 A outputs is assembled to validate the analysis, and it was proved that it regulates the output voltages at different loads
Original languageEnglish
Article number28
Number of pages28
JournalJournal of Low Power Electronics and Applications
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Sep 2019

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