Multielectrode pulmonary vein isolation versus single tip wide area catheter ablation for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation

Lucas V. Boersma, Pepijn van der Voort, Pilippe Debruyne, Lukas Dekker, Tim Simmers, Tom Rossenbacker, Jippe Balt, Maurits Wijffels, Yves Degreef

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background - Single-shot ablation techniques may facilitate safe and simple pulmonary vein isolation to treat paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. Multielectrode pulmonary vein isolation versus single tip wide area catheter ablation-paroxysmal atrial fibrillation is the first multinational, multicenter, prospective, noninferiority randomized clinical trial comparing multielectrode-phased radiofrequency ablation (MEA) to standard focal irrigated radiofrequency ablation (STA) using 3-dimensional navigation. Methods and Results - Patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation were randomized to MEA (61 patients) or STA (59 patients). Preprocedure transesophageal echocardiogram and computed tomography/magnetic resonance imaging (also 6-month postprocedure) were performed. Mean age was 57 years, 25% female sex, BMI was 28, CHA 2 DS 2 -VASc score was 0 to 1 in 82%, 8% had previous right atrial ablation, whereas all had at least 1 antiarrhythmic drug failure. The MEA group had significantly shorter mean procedure time (96±36 versus 166±46 minutes, P<0.001) and fluoroscopy time (23±9 versus 27±9 minutes, P=0.023). The total radiofrequency energy duration was 22±8 minutes for MEA versus 36±13 minutes for STA (P<0.001) with confirmed pulmonary vein isolation in all patients. Hospital admission was 1 day in both groups, without major adverse events either during the procedure or during 30-day follow-up. Two patients in the STA group had 1 PV with asymptomatic narrowing >50%. Freedom of atrial fibrillation for MEA and STA was 86.4% and 89.7% at 6 months, dropping to 76.3% and 81.0% at 12 months. Conclusions - In this multicenter, randomized clinical trial, MEA and STA had similar rates of single-procedure acute pulmonary vein isolation without serious adverse events in the first 30 days. MEA had slightly lower long-term arrhythmia freedom, but showed marked and significantly shorter procedure, fluoroscopy, and radiofrequency energy times.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere00
JournalCirculation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2016

Keywords

  • atrial fibrillation
  • catheter ablation
  • fluoroscopy
  • freedom
  • pulmonary vein

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