Multi-stage domain-specific pretraining for improved detection and localization of Barrett's neoplasia: A comprehensive clinically validated study

Joost van der Putten (Corresponding author), Jeroen de Groof, Maarten Struyvenberg, Tim Boers, Kiki Fockens, Wouter Curvers, Erik Schoon, Jacques Bergman, Fons van der Sommen, Peter H.N. de With

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Patients suffering from Barrett's Esophagus (BE) are at an increased risk of developing esophageal adenocarcinoma and early detection is crucial for a good prognosis. To aid the endoscopists with the early detection for this preliminary stage of esophageal cancer, this work concentrates on the development and extensive evaluation of a state-of-the-art computer-aided classification and localization algorithm for dysplastic lesions in BE. To this end, we have employed a large-scale endoscopic data set, consisting of 494,355 images, in combination with a novel semi-supervised learning algorithm to pretrain several instances of the proposed neural network architecture. Next, several Barrett-specific data sets that are increasingly closer to the target domain with significantly more data compared to other related work, were used in a multi-stage transfer learning strategy. Additionally, the algorithm was evaluated on two prospectively gathered external test sets and compared against 53 medical professionals. Finally, the model was also evaluated in a live setting without interfering with the current biopsy protocol. Results from the performed experiments show that the proposed model improves on the state-of-the-art on all measured metrics. More specifically, compared to the best performing state-of-the-art model, the specificity is improved by more than 20% points while simultaneously preserving high sensitivity and reducing the false positive rate substantially. Our algorithm yields similar scores on the localization metrics, where the intersection of all experts is correctly indicated in approximately 92% of the cases. Furthermore, the live pilot study shows great performance in a clinical setting with a patient level accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of 90%. Finally, the proposed algorithm outperforms each individual medical expert by at least 5% and the average assessor by more than 10% over all assessor groups with respect to accuracy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101914
Number of pages10
JournalArtificial Intelligence in Medicine
Volume107
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020

Keywords

  • Barrett's Esophagus
  • Clinical validation
  • Computer-aided detection
  • Deep learning

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