Municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) produces a number of by-products: fly ashes, bottom ash and air pollution control residues. All these materials contain certain levels of contaminants, such as heavy metals, chlorides and sulphates among others, which are higher than the accepted limits for environmental protection in the Netherlands. Therefore, these contaminants need to be immobilized before the consideration of MSWI by-products as possible building materials. In this study, a number of by-products are characterized in terms of their physical, chemical and environmental properties. Based on these, reuse routes are suggested for these materials.
|Title of host publication||Advances in Cement and Concrete Technology in Africa: 2nd International Conference, 27-29 January 2016, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania|
|Editors||W. Schmidt, N.S. Msinjili|
|Place of Publication||s.l.|
|Publisher||BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing|
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 2016|