Molecular weight-based fractionation of lignin oils by membrane separation technology

Viviana Polizzi (Corresponding author), Kelly Servaes, Pieter Vandezande, Panagiotis Kouris, Ana M. Panaite, Griet Jacobs, Emiel Hensen, Michael Boot, Karolien Vanbroekhoven

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Abstract

Lignin is a renewable and abundant source for production of bio-based chemicals and is a valuable alternative to crude oil to obtain aromatic building blocks. It is built from aromatic units with strong chemical linkages, which need to be cleaved to enable the use of the aromatic compounds in industrial applications. In addition to depolymerizing lignin, efficient fractionation and conversion of the resulting complex mixtures is an essential step in the valorization of lignin derivatives for different applications. In this work, we studied the separation of a lignin oil obtained by catalytic cleavage in supercritical ethanol (scEtOH) of technical lignin produced by means of soda pulping of wheat straw. The use of six commercial polymeric nanofiltration (NF) membranes and one in-house developed Grignard-functionalized ceramic membrane was investigated for the fractionation of a mixture of lignin derivatives. Separation by molecular weight (MW) was observed with the polymeric NP030 membrane but not with the other membranes tested. The development of a protocol using this membrane in the diafiltration mode for fractionation of crude lignin oils (CLOs) is discussed
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)166-174
JournalHolzforschung
Volume74
Issue number2
Early online date16 Nov 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2020

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Keywords

  • bio-aromatics
  • lignin
  • lignin depolymerization
  • membrane separation
  • renewable resources
  • renewable resource
  • nanofiltration

Cite this

Polizzi, V., Servaes, K., Vandezande, P., Kouris, P., Panaite, A. M., Jacobs, G., ... Vanbroekhoven, K. (2020). Molecular weight-based fractionation of lignin oils by membrane separation technology. Holzforschung , 74(2), 166-174. https://doi.org/10.1515/hf-2018-0303