Moisture transport in heated concrete, as studied by NMR, and its consequences for fire spalling

G.H.A. Heijden, van der, R.M.W. Bijnen, van, L. Pel, H.P. Huinink

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

54 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

During the past 30 years concrete has developed enormously in both strength and durability. A drawback of these improvements is the increased risk of explosive spalling in case of fire. The moisture inside the concrete plays an important role in the spalling mechanism. In order to study the moisture migration inside concrete during intense heating, a dedicated NMR (NMR) setup was built. This setup can be placed inside a 1.5-T MRI scanner. With this setup one-dimensional moisture profiles can be measured while the concrete sample is heated up to 250 DegC. Besides concrete, measurements were performed on fired-clay brick and calcium-silicate brick. The results show that water inside the concrete sample is superheated to a temp. of 170 DegC, which results in an increased pressure inside the concrete. A model was developed to predict the movement of the obsd. drying front.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)894-901
Number of pages8
JournalCement and Concrete Research
Volume37
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

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