Moisture transport and pressure build up at high temperature in concrete : a model of fire spalling

L. Pel, G.H.A. Heijden, van der, R.M.W. Bijnen, van, H.P. Huinink

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

During the past thirty years concrete has developed enormously in both strength and durability. A downside of these improvements is the increased risk of explosive spalling in case of fire. The moisture inside the concrete plays an important role in the spalling mechanism. In order to study the moisture transport inside concrete during heating a special Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) setup was built. This setup can be placed inside a 1.5 T MRI scanner. With this setup one dimensional moisture profiles can be measured non-destructively while the concrete sample is heated up to 250 °C. Besides concrete, measurements were performed on fired-clay brick, and calcium-silicate brick. The results show that water inside the concrete sample is superheated to a temperature of 170 °C, which results in an increased pressure inside the concrete. A model was developed to predict the movement of the observed drying front.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Porous Media and its Applications in Science, Engineering and Industry, 17-21 June 2007, Kauai, Hawaii
Place of PublicationKauai, Hawaii
Pages1-9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006
Eventconference; 2nd International Conference on Porous Media and its Applications in Science, Engineering and Industry -
Duration: 1 Jan 2006 → …

Conference

Conferenceconference; 2nd International Conference on Porous Media and its Applications in Science, Engineering and Industry
Period1/01/06 → …
Other2nd International Conference on Porous Media and its Applications in Science, Engineering and Industry

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    Pel, L., Heijden, van der, G. H. A., Bijnen, van, R. M. W., & Huinink, H. P. (2006). Moisture transport and pressure build up at high temperature in concrete : a model of fire spalling. In Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Porous Media and its Applications in Science, Engineering and Industry, 17-21 June 2007, Kauai, Hawaii (pp. 1-9). https://doi.org/10.1615/JPorMedia.v9.i3.80