Modelling the behaviour of high density tropical hardwood species loaded perpendicular to grain

G.H.J. Fransen, A.J.M. Leijten

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

    Abstract

    In The Netherlands only certified (FSC) tropical hardwoods are allowed for application in structures.
    High density hardwood species still find application in many marine structures such as locks, quays, bridges for pedestrians and cyclists. Experimental and FEM research has been carried out to find reasons for the observed failure modes and subsequent difference in behaviour. It appears that the direction of the annual rings is of more importance for the behaviour compared to coniferous wood species. Rolling shear is a failure mode than only occurs in softwoods with high aspect ratio (width to depth ratio) but limits the compressive capacity considerably for high density tropical hardwood species. The failure modes that occur in testing according to the standard EN408 to determine the standard compressive strength perpendicular to grain, is taken as a starting point. The non-linear 2D FEM modelling shows that rolling shear combined with the orientation of the annual ring of the specimen is of great influence.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publication29th International Conference on Advances and Trends in Engineering Materials and their Applications (Toronto 2016 AES-ATEMA), July 4-8, 2016, Toronto, Canada
    EditorsY.M. Haddad
    Place of Publications.l.
    Publishers.n.
    Pages43-52
    Number of pages10
    ISBN (Electronic)978-1-927838-29-7
    Publication statusPublished - 4 Jul 2016
    Event29th International Conference on Advances and Trends in Engineering Materials and their Applications (Toronto 2016 AES-ATEMA), July 4-8, 2016, Toronto, Canada - Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    Duration: 4 Jul 20168 Jul 2016
    https://toronto2016aesatemainternationalconference.wordpress.com/

    Conference

    Conference29th International Conference on Advances and Trends in Engineering Materials and their Applications (Toronto 2016 AES-ATEMA), July 4-8, 2016, Toronto, Canada
    Abbreviated titleToronto 2016 AES-ATEMA
    CountryCanada
    CityToronto
    Period4/07/168/07/16
    Internet address

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