Modelling and optimisation in European Kidney Exchange Programmes

Péter Biró, Joris van de Klundert (Corresponding author), David Manlove, William Pettersson, Tommy Andersson, Lisa Burnapp, Pavel Chromy, Pablo Delgado, Piotr Dworczak, Bernadette Haase, Aline Hemke, Rachel Johnson, Xenia Klimentova, Dirk Kuypers, Alessandro Nanni Costa, Bart Smeulders, Frits C.R. Spieksma, María O. Valentín, Ana Viana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)


The complex multi-criteria optimisation problems arising in Kidney Exchange Programmes have received considerable attention both in practice and in the scientific literature. Whereas theoretical advancements are well reviewed and synthesised, this is not the case for practice. We present a synthesis of models and methods applied in present European Kidney Exchange Programmes, which is based on detailed descriptions we created for this purpose. Most descriptions address national programmes, yet we also present findings on emerging cross-national programmes. The synthesis provides a systematic and detailed description of the models and methods the programmes use, revealing important commonalities as well as considerable variation among them. Rather than distilling a single best practice from these results, we find that the variation in models and methods arises because of variation in country characteristics, policies, and ethics. The synthesised state of the art may benefit future national and cross-national initiatives and direct future theoretical contributions within and across the boundaries of the Operations Research discipline.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)447-456
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Operational Research
Issue number2
Early online date7 Sept 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2021


COST financed meetings (i.e., the travel and accommodation costs of the authors) through EU COST Action 15210. Tommy Andersson is funded by the Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation ( P2016-0126:1 ) and the Ragnar Söderberg Foundation ( E8/13 ). Péter Biró is supported by the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (Research grants no. LP2016-3/2018 and KEP-6/2018 ), and by the Hungarian Scientific Research Fund (OTKA) Grant No. K129086 . Xenia Klimentova is supported by grant SFRH/BPD/101134/2014. David Manlove is supported by grant EP/P028306/1 from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council . Ana Viana is supported by mKEP (PTDC/IIMGES/2830/2014). Frits Spieksma is supported by NETWORKS (Grant No. 024.002.003).

FundersFunder number
Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius FoundationP2016-0126:1
Ragnar Söderbergs stiftelseE8/13
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research CouncilPTDC/IIMGES/2830/2014, EP/P029825/1, EP/P028306/1
European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST)15210
Hungarian Scientific Research FundSFRH/BPD/101134/2014, K129086
Hungarian Academy of SciencesLP2016-3/2018, KEP-6/2018


    • Ethics in OR
    • Kidney exchange
    • OR in health services
    • OR in practice


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