Modeling flow-induced crystallization

P.C. Roozemond, M. van Drongelen, G.W.M. Peters

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A numerical model is presented that describes all aspects of flow-induced crystallization of isotactic polypropylene at high shear rates and elevated pressures. It incorporates nonlinear viscoelasticity, including viscosity change as a result of formation of oriented fibrillar crystals (shish), compressibility, and nonisothermal process conditions caused by shear heating and heat release as a result of crystallization. In the first part of this chapter, the model is validated with experimental data obtained in a channel flow geometry. Quantitative agreement between experimental results and the numerical model is observed in terms of pressure drop, apparent crystallinity, parent/daughter ratio, Hermans’ orientation, and shear layer thickness. In the second part, the focus is on flow-induced crystallization of isotactic polypropylene at elevated pressures, resulting in multiple crystal phases and morphologies. All parameters but one are fixed a priori from the first part of the chapter. One additional parameter, determining the portion of β-crystal spherulites nucleated by flow, is introduced. By doing so, an accurate description of the fraction of β-phase crystals is obtained. The model accurately captures experimental data for fractions of all crystal phases over a wide range of flow conditions (shear rates from 0 to 200 s−1, pressures from 100 to 1,200 bar, shear temperatures from 130°C to 180°C). Moreover, it is shown that, for high shear rates and pressures, the measured γ-phase fractions can only be matched if γ-crystals can nucleate directly on shish.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationPolymer crystallization II
Subtitle of host publicationfrom chain microstructure to processing
EditorsF. Auriemma, G.C. Alfonso, C. Rosa, de
Place of PublicationBerlin
PublisherSpringer
Pages243-294
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-50684-5
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-50683-8
DOIs
StatePublished - 24 Sep 2016

Publication series

NameAdvances in Polymer Science
PublisherSpringer
Volume277
ISSN (Print)0065-3195

Fingerprint

crystallization
shear
crystals
polypropylene
nonisothermal processes
flow geometry
spherulites
viscoelasticity
shear layers
channel flow
pressure drop
compressibility
crystallinity
viscosity
heat
heating
temperature

Cite this

Roozemond, P. C., van Drongelen, M., & Peters, G. W. M. (2016). Modeling flow-induced crystallization. In F. Auriemma, G. C. Alfonso, & C. Rosa, de (Eds.), Polymer crystallization II: from chain microstructure to processing (pp. 243-294). (Advances in Polymer Science ; Vol. 277). Berlin: Springer. DOI: 10.1007/12_2016_351
Roozemond, P.C. ; van Drongelen, M. ; Peters, G.W.M./ Modeling flow-induced crystallization. Polymer crystallization II: from chain microstructure to processing. editor / F. Auriemma ; G.C. Alfonso ; C. Rosa, de. Berlin : Springer, 2016. pp. 243-294 (Advances in Polymer Science ).
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Roozemond, PC, van Drongelen, M & Peters, GWM 2016, Modeling flow-induced crystallization. in F Auriemma, GC Alfonso & C Rosa, de (eds), Polymer crystallization II: from chain microstructure to processing. Advances in Polymer Science , vol. 277, Springer, Berlin, pp. 243-294. DOI: 10.1007/12_2016_351

Modeling flow-induced crystallization. / Roozemond, P.C.; van Drongelen, M.; Peters, G.W.M.

Polymer crystallization II: from chain microstructure to processing. ed. / F. Auriemma; G.C. Alfonso; C. Rosa, de. Berlin : Springer, 2016. p. 243-294 (Advances in Polymer Science ; Vol. 277).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

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AB - A numerical model is presented that describes all aspects of flow-induced crystallization of isotactic polypropylene at high shear rates and elevated pressures. It incorporates nonlinear viscoelasticity, including viscosity change as a result of formation of oriented fibrillar crystals (shish), compressibility, and nonisothermal process conditions caused by shear heating and heat release as a result of crystallization. In the first part of this chapter, the model is validated with experimental data obtained in a channel flow geometry. Quantitative agreement between experimental results and the numerical model is observed in terms of pressure drop, apparent crystallinity, parent/daughter ratio, Hermans’ orientation, and shear layer thickness. In the second part, the focus is on flow-induced crystallization of isotactic polypropylene at elevated pressures, resulting in multiple crystal phases and morphologies. All parameters but one are fixed a priori from the first part of the chapter. One additional parameter, determining the portion of β-crystal spherulites nucleated by flow, is introduced. By doing so, an accurate description of the fraction of β-phase crystals is obtained. The model accurately captures experimental data for fractions of all crystal phases over a wide range of flow conditions (shear rates from 0 to 200 s−1, pressures from 100 to 1,200 bar, shear temperatures from 130°C to 180°C). Moreover, it is shown that, for high shear rates and pressures, the measured γ-phase fractions can only be matched if γ-crystals can nucleate directly on shish.

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BT - Polymer crystallization II

PB - Springer

CY - Berlin

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Roozemond PC, van Drongelen M, Peters GWM. Modeling flow-induced crystallization. In Auriemma F, Alfonso GC, Rosa, de C, editors, Polymer crystallization II: from chain microstructure to processing. Berlin: Springer. 2016. p. 243-294. (Advances in Polymer Science ). Available from, DOI: 10.1007/12_2016_351