Modeling and experimental validation of power electronic loads and DERs for microgrid islanding simulations

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Abstract

Microgrid islanding can improve the reliability of distribution networks by enabling load to be supplied even after a fault has occured nearby. The generation and load devices in microgrids are commonly interfaced by power electronics, causing a lack of inertia in the network. When microgrids transition from grid-connected to islanded operation after a fault, fast dynamics occur which have to be evaluated to assess stability during and after the transition. Their stability can be evaluated by time-domain simulations, however detailed and validated models of power electronic loads and distributed energy resources are required. This paper proposes component-based models of different types of power electronic loads, and single and three phase distributed energy resources. The models are validated with a variety of voltage and frequency transient experiments. A case study is performed where a modified version of the Cigre European LV residential network is islanded after a fault occurs. The results of the proposed, constant impedance and exponential load models are compared. The results indicate that the proposed models should be used for accurate analysis of the voltage and frequency stability during microgrid islanding simulations.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Systems
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 15 Nov 2019

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Power electronics
Energy resources
Frequency stability
Electric power distribution
Voltage control
Electric potential
Experiments

Cite this

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title = "Modeling and experimental validation of power electronic loads and DERs for microgrid islanding simulations",
abstract = "Microgrid islanding can improve the reliability of distribution networks by enabling load to be supplied even after a fault has occured nearby. The generation and load devices in microgrids are commonly interfaced by power electronics, causing a lack of inertia in the network. When microgrids transition from grid-connected to islanded operation after a fault, fast dynamics occur which have to be evaluated to assess stability during and after the transition. Their stability can be evaluated by time-domain simulations, however detailed and validated models of power electronic loads and distributed energy resources are required. This paper proposes component-based models of different types of power electronic loads, and single and three phase distributed energy resources. The models are validated with a variety of voltage and frequency transient experiments. A case study is performed where a modified version of the Cigre European LV residential network is islanded after a fault occurs. The results of the proposed, constant impedance and exponential load models are compared. The results indicate that the proposed models should be used for accurate analysis of the voltage and frequency stability during microgrid islanding simulations.",
author = "Martijn Roos and Phuong Nguyen and Johan Morren and Han Slootweg",
year = "2019",
month = "11",
day = "15",
language = "English",
journal = "IEEE Transactions on Power Systems",
issn = "0885-8950",
publisher = "Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers",

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T1 - Modeling and experimental validation of power electronic loads and DERs for microgrid islanding simulations

AU - Roos, Martijn

AU - Nguyen, Phuong

AU - Morren, Johan

AU - Slootweg, Han

PY - 2019/11/15

Y1 - 2019/11/15

N2 - Microgrid islanding can improve the reliability of distribution networks by enabling load to be supplied even after a fault has occured nearby. The generation and load devices in microgrids are commonly interfaced by power electronics, causing a lack of inertia in the network. When microgrids transition from grid-connected to islanded operation after a fault, fast dynamics occur which have to be evaluated to assess stability during and after the transition. Their stability can be evaluated by time-domain simulations, however detailed and validated models of power electronic loads and distributed energy resources are required. This paper proposes component-based models of different types of power electronic loads, and single and three phase distributed energy resources. The models are validated with a variety of voltage and frequency transient experiments. A case study is performed where a modified version of the Cigre European LV residential network is islanded after a fault occurs. The results of the proposed, constant impedance and exponential load models are compared. The results indicate that the proposed models should be used for accurate analysis of the voltage and frequency stability during microgrid islanding simulations.

AB - Microgrid islanding can improve the reliability of distribution networks by enabling load to be supplied even after a fault has occured nearby. The generation and load devices in microgrids are commonly interfaced by power electronics, causing a lack of inertia in the network. When microgrids transition from grid-connected to islanded operation after a fault, fast dynamics occur which have to be evaluated to assess stability during and after the transition. Their stability can be evaluated by time-domain simulations, however detailed and validated models of power electronic loads and distributed energy resources are required. This paper proposes component-based models of different types of power electronic loads, and single and three phase distributed energy resources. The models are validated with a variety of voltage and frequency transient experiments. A case study is performed where a modified version of the Cigre European LV residential network is islanded after a fault occurs. The results of the proposed, constant impedance and exponential load models are compared. The results indicate that the proposed models should be used for accurate analysis of the voltage and frequency stability during microgrid islanding simulations.

M3 - Article

JO - IEEE Transactions on Power Systems

JF - IEEE Transactions on Power Systems

SN - 0885-8950

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