Model-based electron density profile estimation and control, applied to ITER

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
5 Downloads (Pure)


In contemporary magnetic confinement devices, the density distribution is sensed with interferometers and actuated with feedback controlled gas injection and open-loop pellet injection. This is at variance with the density control for ITER and DEMO, that will depend mainly on pellet injection as an actuator in feed-back control. This paper presents recent developments in state estimation and control of the electron density profile for ITER using relevant sensors and actuators. As a first step, Thomson scattering is included in an existing dynamic state observer. Second, model predictive control is developed as a strategy to regulate the density profile while avoiding limits associated with the total density (Greenwald limit) or gradients in the density distribution (e.g. neoclassical impurity transport). Simulations show that high quality density profile estimation can be achieved with Thomson Scattering and that the controller is capable of regulating the distribution as desired.
Original languageEnglish
Article number115015
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Physics Communications
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 19 Nov 2021


Dive into the research topics of 'Model-based electron density profile estimation and control, applied to ITER'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this