Mode-dependent characterization of photonic lanterns

D. Yu, S. Fu, Z. Cao, M. Tang, D. Liu, I. Giles, A.M.J. Koonen, C.M. Okonkwo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)
74 Downloads (Pure)


We propose and experimentally demonstrate a simple method for characterizing the power transfer matrix of photonic lanterns (PLs) used for mode division multiplexing (MDM) transmission. Due to the optical reflection arising at output facet of the few-mode fiber (FMF), we are able to detect the power at the individual single-mode fiber (SMF) input port and exploit a series of equations based on the theory of energy conservation to obtain mode-dependent characteristics of the PL, including the property of mode selectivity, insertion loss (IL), and channel-dependent loss (CDL). The proposed method is experimentally verified for both the mode selective and the nonmode selective photonic lanterns.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2302-2305
Number of pages4
JournalOptics Letters
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 5 May 2016


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