@inproceedings{d2a280fa628f4ae5bc13e75c949a0ad6,

title = "Mixed convection in a 90 Deg horizontal bend",

abstract = "The effect of a developing secondary flow, induced by both centrifugal and buoyancy forces, on heat transfer inside a horizontal curved pipe is studied. The governing equations are solved in a finite element formulation using tri-quadratic elements for the velocity as well as for the temp. field. Due to interaction of centrifugal, buoyancy and pressure forces, a complex secondary flow develops, consisting of two secondary longitudinal vortices, perpendicular to the axial flow. Heat transfer shows to be increased considerably as a result of the three-dimensional flow field",

author = "J.J.M. Sillekens and C.C.M. Rindt and {Steenhoven, van}, A.A.",

year = "1994",

language = "English",

series = "IChemE symposium series",

publisher = "Institution of Chemical Engineers",

pages = "567--572",

booktitle = "Heat transfer 1994 : proceedings of the 10th international heat transfer conference ; Brighton, UK, 14-18 August 1994 / Ed. G.F. Hewitt",

address = "United Kingdom",

}