Mixed convection in a 90 Deg horizontal bend

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The effect of a developing secondary flow, induced by both centrifugal and buoyancy forces, on heat transfer inside a horizontal curved pipe is studied. The governing equations are solved in a finite element formulation using tri-quadratic elements for the velocity as well as for the temp. field. Due to interaction of centrifugal, buoyancy and pressure forces, a complex secondary flow develops, consisting of two secondary longitudinal vortices, perpendicular to the axial flow. Heat transfer shows to be increased considerably as a result of the three-dimensional flow field
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHeat transfer 1994 : proceedings of the 10th international heat transfer conference ; Brighton, UK, 14-18 August 1994 / Ed. G.F. Hewitt
Place of PublicationRugby, Warwickshire
PublisherInstitution of Chemical Engineers
Publication statusPublished - 1994

Publication series

NameIChemE symposium series


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