MIMO equalization with adaptive step size for few-mode fiber transmission systems

R.G.H. Uden, van, C.M. Okonkwo, V.A.J.M. Sleiffer, H. Waardt, de, A.M.J. Koonen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)
180 Downloads (Pure)


Optical multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) transmission systems generally employ minimum mean squared error time or frequency domain equalizers. Using an experimental 3-mode dual polarization coherent transmission setup, we show that the convergence time of the MMSE time domain equalizer (TDE) and frequency domain equalizer (FDE) can be reduced by approximately 50% and 30%, respectively. The criterion used to estimate the system convergence time is the time it takes for the MIMO equalizer to reach an average output error which is within a margin of 5% of the average output error after 50,000 symbols. The convergence reduction difference between the TDE and FDE is attributed to the limited maximum step size for stable convergence of the frequency domain equalizer. The adaptive step size requires a small overhead in the form of a lookup table. It is highlighted that the convergence time reduction is achieved without sacrificing optical signal-to-noise ratio performance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-126
JournalOptics Express
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014


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