Midterm results after abandoning routine preemptive coil embolization of the internal iliac artery during endovascular aneurysm repair

Yannick W. ‘t Mannetje, Pieter P.H.L. Broos, Joep A.W. Teijink, Rutger A. Stokmans, Philippe W.M. Cuypers, Marc R.H.M. van Sambeek (Corresponding author)

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Abstract

Purpose: To analyze the results of endovascular repair of common iliac artery (CIA) aneurysms without preemptive coil embolization of the internal iliac artery (IIA). Materials and Methods: Between January 2010 and July 2016, 79 patients (mean age 74.3±8.4 years; 76 men) underwent endovascular repair extending into the external iliac artery owing to a CIA aneurysm. The procedure was performed for a ruptured aneurysm in 22 (28%) patients. Eighty-one IIAs were intentionally covered. The median CIA diameter was 37 mm (range 20–90). The primary outcomes were the occurrence of type II endoleaks and the incidence of buttock claudication. Results: Five (6%) patients died within 30 days (4 with ruptured aneurysms and 1 elective case). Two type II endoleaks originating from a covered IIA were recorded; one required an endovascular intervention because of aneurysm growth. The other patient died of a rupture based on an additional type III endoleak. Mean follow-up was 37.6±26.3 months. Nineteen (26%) patients required a secondary intervention. Buttock claudication was reported in 21 (28%) of 74 patients and persisted after 1 year in 7. No severe ischemic complications as a result of IIA coverage were recorded, and no revascularization was required during follow-up. Conclusion: Treatment of CIA aneurysms by overstenting the IIA without preemptive coil embolization is safe and has a low risk of type II endoleak and aneurysm growth. Persisting buttock claudication is rare.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)238-244
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Endovascular Therapy
Volume26
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2019

Keywords

  • abdominal aortic aneurysm
  • buttock claudication
  • common iliac artery aneurysm
  • endoleak
  • endovascular aneurysm repair
  • internal iliac artery

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