Microscopy and optical manipulation of dendrimer-built vesicles

T. Gensch, K. Tsuda, G.C. Dol, L. Latterini, J.W. Weener, A.P.H.J. Schenning, J. Hofkens, E.W. Meijer, F.C. Schryver, de

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Abstract

A fifth-generation poly(propylene imine) dendrimer decorated with palmitoyl- and azobenzene-containing alkyl groups forms giant vesicles in aqueous solutions with diameters From 50 nm up to 20 mum and a multilaminar onion-like structure. Dense and ordered arrangement of the azobenzene chromophores in the bilayer structure leads to fluorescence with lambda (max)= 600 nm. The fluorescence intensity can be increased by irradiation with blue light, and at low pH a distinctive blue shift of the spectrum is observed. With the aid of a single-beam optical tweezers it is possible to trap vesicles and direct them in a billiard-like fashion against each other using forces in the range of several pN. In collision experiments, the vesicles behave like hard spheres, and merging is not observed
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)435-441
JournalPure and Applied Chemistry
Volume73
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

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