Micrometer-scale porous buckling shell actuators based on liquid crystal networks

Venkata Subba Rao Jampani, Dirk J. Mulder, Kevin Reguengo De Sousa, Anne Hélène Gélébart, Jan P.F. Lagerwall, Albertus P.H.J. Schenning

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)
62 Downloads (Pure)


Micrometer-scale liquid crystal network (LCN) actuators have potential for application areas like biomedical systems, soft robotics, and microfluidics. To fully harness their power, a diversification in production methods is called for, targeting unconventional shapes and complex actuation modes. Crucial for controlling LCN actuation is the combination of macroscopic shape and molecular-scale alignment in the ground state, the latter becoming particularly challenging when the desired shape is more complex than a flat sheet. Here, one-step processing of an LCN precursor material in a glass capillary microfluidic set-up to mold it into thin shells is used, which are stretched by osmosis to reach a diameter of a few hundred micrometers and thickness on the order of a micrometer, before they are UV crosslinked into an LCN. The shells exhibit radial alignment of the director field and the surface is porous, with pore size that is tunable via the osmosis time. The LCN shells actuate reversibly upon heating and cooling. The decrease in order parameter upon heating induces a reduction in thickness and expansion of surface area of the shells that triggers continuous buckling in multiple locations. Such buckling porous shells are interesting as soft cargo carriers with capacity for autonomous cargo release.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1801209
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Issue number31
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2018


  • buckling
  • liquid crystal elastomer actuators
  • microfluidics
  • spherical topology


Dive into the research topics of 'Micrometer-scale porous buckling shell actuators based on liquid crystal networks'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this