Learning from past experiences is essential for the adoption of Nature-Based Solutions (NBS). There is a growing number of knowledge repositories sharing the experience of NBS projects implemented worldwide. These repositories provide access to a large amount of information, however, acquiring knowledge from them remains a challenge. This paper outlines the technical details of the NBS Case-Based System (NBS-CBS), an expert system that facilitates knowledge acquisition from an NBS case repository. The NBS-CBS is a hybrid system integrating a black-box Artificial Neural Network (ANN) with a white-box Case-Based Reasoning model. The system involves:
•a repository that stores the information of past NBS projects, and an input collection component, guiding the collection and encoding of the user's inputs;
•a classifier that predicts solutions (i.e., generates a hypothesis), based on user input (target case), drawing on a pre-trained ANN model to guide the case retrieval, and a case retrieval engine that identifies cases similar to the target case;
•a case adaption and retainment process in which the user assesses the provided recommendations and retains the solved problem as a new case in the repository.
This research has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme under Grant Agreement No. 730052.
- Nature-based solutions (NBS)
- Expert system
- Knowledge acquisition
- Artificial intelligence
- case-based reasoning