Method for the in situ preparation of a single layer of zeolite beta crystals on a molybdenum substrate for microreactor applications

M.J.M. Mies, E.V. Rebrov, J.C. Jansen, M.H.J.M. Croon, de, J.C. Schouten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A method for the hydrothermal synthesis of a single layer of zeolite Beta crystals on a molybdenum substrate for microreactor applications has been developed. Before the hydrothermal synthesis, the surface of the substrate was modified by an etching procedure that increases the roughness at the nanoscale level without completely eliminating the surface lay structure. Then, thin films of Al2O3 (170 nm) and TiO2 (50 nm) were successively deposited by atomic layer deposition (ALD) on the substrate. The internal Al2O3 film protects the Mo substrate from oxidation up to 550 °C in an oxidative environment. The high wettability of the external TiO2 film after UV irradiation increases zeolite nucleation on its surface. The role of the metal precursor (TiCl4 vs TiI4), deposition temperature (300 vs 500 °C), and film thickness (50 vs 100 nm) was investigated to obtain titania films with the slowest decay in the superhydrophilic behavior after UV irradiation. Zeolite Beta coatings with a Si/Al ratio of 23 were grown at 140 °C for 48 h. After ion exchange with a 10-4 M cobalt acetate solution, the activity of the coatings was determined in the ammoxidation of ethylene to acetonitrile in a microstructured reactor. A maximum reaction rate of 220 µmol C2H3N g-1 s-1 was obtained at 500 °C, with 42% carbon selectivity to acetonitrile.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)328-338
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Catalysis
Volume247
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

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