Mechanoelectric feedback as a trigger mechanism for cardiac electrical remodeling: a model study

N.H.L. Kuijpers, H.M.M. Eikelder, ten, P.H.M. Bovendeerd, S. Verheule, M.G.J. Arts, P.A.J. Hilbers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Regional variation in ionic membrane currents causes differences in action potential duration (APD) and is proarrhythmic. After several weeks of ventricular pacing, AP morphology and duration are changed due to electrical remodeling of the transient outward potassium current (I to) and the L-type calcium current (I Ca,L). It is not clear what mechanism drives electrical remodeling. By modeling the cardiac muscle as a string of segments that are electrically and mechanically coupled, we investigate the hypothesis that electrical remodeling is triggered by changes in mechanical load. Contractile force generated by the sarcomeres depends on the calcium transient and on the sarcomere length. Stroke work is determined for each segment by simulating the cardiac cycle. Electrical remodeling is simulated by adapting I Ca,L kinetics such that a homogeneous distribution of stroke work is obtained. With electrical remodeling, a more homogeneous shortening of the fiber is obtained, while heterogeneity in APD increases and the repolarization wave reverses. Our results are in agreement with experimentally observed homogeneity in mechanics and heterogeneity in electrophysiology. In conclusion, electrical remodeling is a possible mechanism to reduce heterogeneity in cardiomechanics induced by ventricular pacing.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1816-1835
JournalAnnals of Biomedical Engineering
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2008


Dive into the research topics of 'Mechanoelectric feedback as a trigger mechanism for cardiac electrical remodeling: a model study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this