Measuring perceived social presence in distributed learning groups

K. Kreijns, P.A. Kirschner, W.M.G. Jochems, H. Buuren, van

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    52 Citations (Scopus)
    2 Downloads (Pure)


    Social presence—the degree to which ‘the other’ in a communication appears to be a ‘real’ person—has captured the attention of those dealing with learning in groups through computer-supported collaborative learning environments. The concept is important because it affects participation and social interaction, both necessary for effective collaboration and knowledge construction. This article reports on the construction and validation of a self-reporting (Dutch-language) Social Presence Scale to determine perceived social presence in distributed learning groups using computersupported collaborative learning environments. The result is a one-dimensional scale consisting of five items with an internal consistency of .81. We used a nomological network of similar constructs for further validation. The findings suggest that the Social Presence Scale has potential to be useful as a measure for social presence.
    Original languageEnglish
    Number of pages17
    JournalEducation and Information Technologies
    Issue numberJuli
    Publication statusPublished - 2010


    Dive into the research topics of 'Measuring perceived social presence in distributed learning groups'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this