Measurement of the interfacial normal strength in single fibre transverse tensile tests

P.F.M. Meurs, P.J.G. Schreurs, A.A.J.M. Peijs

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Abstract

A technique is presented which can be used to measure the interfacial normal strength in transversely loaded composites. The technique combines the measurement of local deformations during tests in a Scanning Electron Microscope and numerical simulations, in which the measurements are used as boundary conditions. Deformations are measured by placing a grid of markers on the surface of single fibre specimens. The displacements of these markers are measured during loading of the specimen. Numerical simulations show that the radial and tangential interface stresses increase towards the specimen surface, causing the initiation of debonding at the surface. This effect is supported by tests under an optical microscope. The interfacial normal strength is defined to be the maximum radial interface stress just before the initiation of debonding. Based on the presented results, it can be concluded that the presented technique is a promising tool for the measurement of the interfacial normal stress.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-18
Number of pages6
JournalAdvanced Composites Letters
Volume6
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1997

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