Mathematical models of contrast transport kinetics for cancer diagnostic imaging: a review

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Angiogenesis plays a fundamental role in cancer growth and the formation of metastasis. Novel cancer therapies aimed at inhibiting angiogenic processes and/or disrupting angiogenic tumor vasculature are currently being developed and clinically tested. The need for earlier and improved cancer diagnosis, and for early evaluation and monitoring of therapeutic response to angiogenic treatment have led to the development of several imaging methods for in-vivo non-invasive assessment of angiogenesis. The combination of dynamic contrast-enhanced imaging with mathematical modeling of the contrast agent kinetics enables quantitative assessment of the structural and functional changes in the microvasculature that are associated with tumor angiogenesis. In this paper, we review quantitative imaging of angiogenesis with dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI), computed tomography (DCE-CT), and ultrasound (DCE-US).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-147
Number of pages27
JournalIEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 22 Jun 2016


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