Mathematical modelling of wet paper pressing

D. Bežanovic

Research output: ThesisPhd Thesis 1 (Research TU/e / Graduation TU/e)

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The aim of this project is to reduce energy costs in paper production by optimising the process in the press section of a paper machine. In this press section water is squeezed as it passes through the press nip. In a modern press section the moisture content of the sheet after three or four presses will be in the range 47 - 55%. The excess water left in the web is to be removed afterwards in the dryer section of the paper machine by very expensive and energy consuming vaporisation. Even small improvements in the press performance will considerable reduce the construction and operational costs of the dryer. The best option for more effective pressing is heating the web during the pressing process. The possibilities of detailed experimental studies under industrial conditions are limited, due to the very small time and spatial scales of the process. Therefore there is a great need for mathematical, computational models that describe heat transfer and mechanical processes during and immediately after contact of the paper web with the press nip. After validation with experimental data such models serve on industrial levels to optimise the pressing conditions. Initially, the research will concentrate on models for "hot pressing", where temperatures up to 100°C are introduced to decrease the water viscosity. At a later stage of the project the attention will be shifted towards "impulse pressing", where press rolls are heated up to 300°C and very rapid evaporation will take place near the press nip. This process is still experimental and implementation in an industrial environment is not expected before the year 2005. The research in this proposal aims at improving the modelling of these processes, the development of fast numerical techniques to make the models operational on workstations and PCs, and validation of models by comparisons with experimental data from TNO. At the end of the 4 year period a validated, operational model will be available for hot pressing. At the same time, in co-operation with TNO-TPD, an experimental model will be developed for impulse pressing
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Mathematics and Computer Science
  • van Duijn, C.J. (Hans), Promotor
  • Kaasschieter, Rik, Copromotor
Award date24 Oct 2005
Place of PublicationEindhoven
Print ISBNs90-386-0674-5
Publication statusPublished - 2005


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