This paper is an introduction to the special issue of the Journal of Engineering Mathematic (Volume 47/3–4, 2003) on the mathematical modelling of the cardiovascular system. This issue includes the 2003 James Lighthill Memorial Paper written by Pedley  on the mathematical modelling of arterial fluid dynamics. This introduction is written to bring cardiovascular biomechanics to readers with a background in mathematical modelling and computational mechanics. The importance of mathematical modelling for physiological understanding, diagnostics, prosthesis development, patient selection and medical planning is indicated and discussed shortly. A subdivision into models for cardiac mechanics, pressure- and flow-wave propagation, mass transfer and fully three-dimensional fluid-structure interaction is made and references are given to the different contributions of the issue.
|Journal||Journal of Engineering Mathematics|
|Publication status||Published - 2003|