This paper presents a framework for planning and control of the spare parts supply chain in organisations that use and maintain high-value capital assets. Decisions in the framework are decomposed hierarchically and interfaces are described. We provide relevant literature to aid decision-making and identify open research topics. The framework can be used to increase the efficiency, consistency and sustainability of decisions on how to plan and control a spare parts supply chain. This point is illustrated by applying it in a case study. Applicability of the framework in different environments is also investigated.