Maintenance cost evaluation for heterogeneous complex systems under continuous monitoring

Inma Castro (Corresponding author), Rob Basten, Geert-Jan van Houtum

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16 Citations (Scopus)
282 Downloads (Pure)


The maintenance strategy for a complex system consisting of both non-monitored and monitored components is analyzed in this paper. Non-monitored components can only be maintained correctively upon failure. Monitored components are monitored continuously and are maintained when they become too degraded, i.e., when its degradation level hits a threshold. For this complex system, an opportunistic maintenance strategy is implemented, meaning that a maintenance intervention for a component can be used as an opportunity for preventive maintenance of monitored components: If the degradation level of a monitored component exceeds a preventive threshold at the time of another maintenance intervention, this component is maintained preventively. By performing these maintenance actions, different costs are incurred. The main purpose of this paper is to evaluate the expected cost rate of the system. To that end, two methods are compared: renewal and semi-regenerative techniques. Using renewal techniques, the evaluation of the expected cost rate of this maintenance strategy is time consuming, especially for a large number of monitored components. However, using semi-regenerative techniques the required computation time is drastically shortened: For a system with ten monitored components, the computation time to evaluate the optimal maintenance strategy goes from more than a day to few seconds. Numerical examples are given to illustrate the results. The conclusion is that for a large number of monitored components, semi-regenerative techniques are more appropriate to evaluate the expected cost rate in terms of computation time.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106745
Number of pages7
JournalReliability Engineering and System Safety
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020


The research of the first author was supported by Junta de Extremadura , Spain (Project GR18108 ). This research started while the first author was visiting the Eindhoven University of Technology. She would like to acknowledge the Eindhoven University of Technology for making her stay possible. The research of the second and third authors is part of the project on Proactive Service Logistics for Advanced Capital Goods – The Next Steps (ProSeLoNext; 438-15-620 ), which is supported by the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research and the Dutch Institute for Advanced Logistics.

FundersFunder number
Dutch Institute for Advanced Logistics
Junta de Extremadura , SpainGR18108, 438-15-620
Eindhoven University of Technology
Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek
TKI Dinalog


    • Condition Based Maintenance
    • Opportunistic maintenance
    • Complex systems
    • Semi-regenerative process
    • Condition-based maintenance


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