Magnetic anisotropy of Co/Ni/Co/Pt multilayers

P.J.H. Bloemen, W.J.M. de Jonge

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Abstract

The magnetic anisotropy and saturation magnetization of a series of 30 × (2 Å Co+x Å Ni+2 Å Co+10 Å Pt) multilayers, grown in the (111) orientation, has been investigated for Ni thickness ranging from 2 to 56 Å. Vibrating sample magnetometry showed that the easy axis of the multilayers switches from perpendicular to along the film-plane above a Ni thickness of 48 Å. The fact that this transition takes place at a thickness much larger than for example observed for Co/Pd or Co/Pt multilayers, is because in the present multilayers the relatively low shape anisotropy of the Ni is combined with the large Co/Pt surface anisotropy. From the measurements a value for the Co/Ni surface anisotropy of (0.29±0.06) mJ/m2, favouring a perpendicular easy axis, is estimated. Also results on X-ray diffraction, Kerr rotation and temperature dependent magnetization experiments are presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)L1-L6
JournalJournal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
Volume116
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 1992

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