It is recommended to use partition coefficients for the identification of compounds and to determine these by a simple gas-chromatographic procedure, which allows the control of the measuring conditions. This recommendation combines a relative method of measurement with the determination of absolute quantities. The accuracy of the measurement, which is decisive for the identification, was investigated and it was found that the accuracy in most cases will be limited by the resolving power of the column. For the evaluation of the results obtained with columns with different stationary phases a method was tested in which the partition coefficients measured on two different columns were combined. A table of partition coefficients of 80 hydrocarbons at 50,0° C on squalane and dinonylphthalate as stationary phases was compiled. On the basis of this table the identification of the C5-C7 hydrocarbons in a crack product was carried out.