/V s is deposited at 200 °C. Ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy indicates a conduction band offset of ∼0.69 eV at the 50 °C SnO2/Cs0.05(MA0.17FA0.83)
0.95Pb-(I2.7Br0.3) interface. In contrast, a negligible conduction band offset is found between the 200 °C SnO2 and the perovskite. Surprisingly, comparable initial power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) of 17.5 and 17.8% are demonstrated for the champion cells using 15 nm thick SnO2 deposited at 50 and 200 °C,
respectively. The latter gains in fill factor but loses in open-circuit voltage. Markedly, PSCs using the 200 °C compact SnO2 retain their initial performance at the maximum power point over 16 h under continuous one-sun illumination in inert atmosphere. Instead, the cell with the 50 °C SnO2 shows a decrease in PCE of approximately 50%.
- atomic layer deposition
- inorganic electron transport layer
- perovskite solar cells
- tin oxide